Conserve and protect biodiversity

Thuringia is known as a species-rich federal state. But according to the Red List of Thuringia, a large part of the animal and plant species is also endangered in Germany. One distinguishes the biodiversity by origin in: Native animals, and non-native animals, non-resident animals, partly invasive species.

Due to the warmer climate within the last two decades, the stock Non-alien species has greatly increased and conquer Thuringia. Invasive species are alien plants and animals that compete with native species for habitat and resources. They can displace other species or entire species communities.

Among the insects, the most striking representatives in the Thuringian Forest are the butterflies like Little Fox, Mother of Pearl Butterfly and Imperial Coat and many more. The red forest ant builds nests up to two meters high and is a typical inhabitant of the Thuringian Forest. In our meadows you can see many “bumps”. This phenomenon is not only rocks, little dirt hills that moles produce, but ant build nests too.

In a natural garden, there are retreats for animals, in general it gives wildlife a better chance. Butterfly caterpillars such as peacock butterfly, admiral and painted lady need exactly these wild areas with nettles, thistles and other abandoned herbs. There insects find their required food, these are eaten by birds, lizards and hedgehogs and the human enjoys the variety in his garden. Here you can observe that phenomenon in our lower pasture close to the little creek. Our animals can go into the lower pasture if there is no danger of slipping, till that moment they forage in the part of the pasture near the house. In the lower part the stinging nettle (and other plants) grows much faster than our friends graze. On the slope you can find many very large stones. Last year we digged some of that out to create another close-to nature garden. We got out so many stones, it was enough for a small stony path along the meadow. Near the bushes, fallen over trees and large weed close to the creek there is plenty of protection for animals. The stones along the road, our footpath or boulders half in, half out the mountain slope are attractive to lizards.

We started an animal list, we add all living creatures we observed the last 5 years.

projekt wildtieroekologie

Plant-and-animal-life in Germany

Wildlife we found in the Thuringia Forest.

Insects :

Latin

English

German

Species Name

Leipidoptera :

Butterfly

Edelfalter:

Nymphalis antiopa

Polygonia c-album

Inachis io

Ritterfalter:

Vanessa Atalanta

Papillo machaon

Augenfalter:

Melanargia galanthea

Gemeiner Wasserläufer

Gerris lacustris

Orthoptera

Grasshoppers

Heuschrecken

Chorthippus brunneus

Omoocestus viridulus

Tettigonia viridissima

Hymenoptera

Bees, wasps,ants

Bienen,Wespen,

Ameisen

Apis mellifera

Urocerus Gigas

Paravespula vulgaris

Vespa crabro

Lasius niger

Formica rufa

Myrmica ruginodis

Arachnida

Spiders, Tics

Spinnen, Zecken

Araneus diadematus

Dictyna arundinacea

Coleoptera

Beetles

Käfer

Lucanus cervus

Geotrupus stercorarius

Gastropoda

Snails+Slugs

Schnecken

Helix aspersa

Cepaea hortensis

Helix pomatia

Arion ater

Annelida

Earthworms

Würmer

Regenwurm

Aves Birds/Vögel

Latin

English

German

Species Name

Circoniiformes

Schreitvöge

Ardea cinerea

Ciconia nigra

Acciptitriformes

Birds of prey

Greifvögel

Circus pygagus

Buteo buteo

Pernis apivorus

Accipiter nisus

Falco tinnunculus

Falco subbuteo

Falco peregrinus

Roter Milan

Gruiformes

Kranich

Grus grus

Tauben und Kuckuck

Cuculus canorus

Schwalben

Hirundo rustica

Woodpeckers

Spechte

Picus viridis

Picoides major

Dryocopus matius

Star-und Rabenvögel

Sturnus vulgaris

Pica pica

Garrulus glandarius

Corvus corone corone

Fliegenschäpper und Drossel

Phoenicurus ochruros

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Erithacus rubecula

Turdus iliacus

Turdus merula

Kleiber, Baumläufer

Sitta europaea

Certhia familiaris

Passeriformes

Passeri

Sperlingsvogel

Singvögel/Meisen

Parus major

Poecile lugubris

Poecile atricapilla

Poecile palustris

Lophophanes cristatus

Cyanistes caeruleus

Reptilia

Latin

English

German

Species Name

Frösche und Kröten

Rana temporaria

Rana dalmatina

Bufo bufo

Amphibia

Latin

English

German

Species Name

Salamander

Salamander

Salamandra salamandra

Lacertilia

Echsen

Lacerta agilis

Lacerta vivipara

Podarcis muralis

Anguis fragilis

Mamalia

Latin

English

German

Species Name

Carnivora

Carnivors

Raubtiere

Vulpes vulpes

Martes foina

Artiodactyla

Ruminantia

Paarhufer

wiederkäuer

Capreolus capreolus

Eulipothyphia

insecteaters

Insektenfresser

Sorex araneus

Sorex minutus

Crocidura russula

Talpa europaea

Bats

Fledermäuse

Nyctalus leisleri

Rodentia

Rodents

Nagetiere

Eichhörnchen

Sciurus vulgaris

Sciuurus nigra

Chondrichthyes

Latin

English

German

Species Name

Actinopterygii

Knorpelfische

Salmoniformes Salmonidae

Lachsähnliche

Salmo trutta